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Posts belonging to Category Common skin issues in dogs



* 8 Reasons Why Our Dogs Are Smelly Sometimes

8 Reasons Why Our Dogs Are Smelly Sometimes

There are 8 reasons why dogs can be smelly: Dirt, wetness, flatulence, anal glands as well as medical, breath, and ear issues. Also, some odors are breed specific.

Dirty Dog

Smelly Dog?

DIRT: Dogs spend time outdoors and they can roll and play in soil, trash, poop, something dead (to camouflage their own smell) or even encounter a skunk. (Here is how to rid your dog if sprayed by a skunk). The only solution for this is to bath your dog regularly. Brush nightly to rid debris. Pay attention to under the tail. Also, brush out mats that harbor bacteria using PurestPets Mat Release Formula. It is also a great idea to wash your dog’s bed and crate. If your dog lies on a specific spot on the carpet, couch or bed – try putting a towel on that spot and launder regularly. (This helps keep your home smelling fresh too).

WETNESS: Moisture encourages bacteria to feed on the oils produced by dog’s skin. After playing in a pond or pool or getting caught in the rain dry your dog off thoroughly with a towel. A quick blowdry on a cool setting after a bath will also inhibit unwanted bacteria. You may wish to try PurestPets Pure Waterless Shampoo if your dog tends to smell even after a bath (or if your dog refuses to take one).

FLATULENCE:  Usually due to gastric distress. Here, the dog needs exercise and change of diet . Also, probiotics from a veterinarian will help promote intestinal flora. There are also, special bowls available on market to slow down your dog’s eating –because wolfing food down, without chewing, can also create gas.

ANAL GLANDS: Impactions of the anal glands can cause a terrible odor. A sign that your dog may have impacted anal glands is if he or she is dragging/scooting their fanny on the carpet. Trying to manually expressing these glands can injure your dog.  This takes an EXPERT groomer or veterinarian to do. Most dogs, however, naturally express their own glands.

BREED: Certain breeds can be more prone to odor than others. A couple examples of this would be the Basset Hound

Shar Pei

Shar Pei

(who has especially oily skin) or even dogs such as Shar Peis because the folds in their skin harbor moisture. Again, bathing followed by thorough drying is key.

BREATH: This may be caused by poor diet leading to digestive issues. It could also be from dental problems like rotting teeth or gum disease (if this is the case, your dog needs veterinarian attention). Otherwise there are certain chew toys and dental products available at your local pet store, which will greatly improve your dog’s breath.

EARS: You can tell if your dog has ear mites if your dog is scratching his or her ears or shaking its head a lot. It may be necessary to see a veterinarian for ear drops in the case of mites. Otherwise, clean ears gently and regularly and dry thoroughly.  Try Purestpets Ear Soothing Solution (it eliminates dirt and wax that harbor bacteria as well as heals cancers).

Dogs EarsMEDICAL  ISSUE: Skin infections, allergies, and yeast cause odors. PurestPets  Allergy Relief Shampoo addresses a broad range of skin issues. Also, Paws and toes can smell funky so daily foot baths followed by PurestPets Paw Spa will combat yeast and bacteria, keep your dog from licking and biting his or her paws, and most importantly, pamper your pet.

*Taking Care of Your Dog Through This Hot Summer

Doggon Summer

Summertime Buddies

Summertime means fun in the sun, and dog owners often include their pets in outdoor activities like hiking, swimming, camping and running in the park or even on the beach.

As healthy as outdoor activities can be, they can pose unique dangers for our canine friends, said Kristina Knox, a veterinary technician at Cumberland Animal Clinic in Smyrna, Georgia. Here’s what to look for in order to keep your dog happy and healthy as temperatures soar.

Hot sidewalks

If the sidewalk, parking lot or driveway where you’re walking your dog is too hot for you to walk barefoot, it’s too hot for your dog. They can burn their paws.

“When you feel the bottom of a dog’s pad, especially when they’re young, it feels like the skin on your foot,” Knox said.

In suburban areas that aren’t shaded by large buildings or trees, concrete and asphalt can bake in the hot summer sun. “People make a big mistake by putting their dog in the back of a truck in summer,” Knox said. Paw balm can help condition and protect feet from hot pavement, such as PurestPets PawSpa.

Dogs can be stoic about pain. It can be difficult to tell that they’ve burned their feet, she said — and it’s hard to keep them off their feet while they’re trying to heal.

Sunburn

A dog with sunburn will have many of the same indications as a person with sunburn: The skin is extremely red and sensitive to touch and feels hot. Sometimes, it can blister or scab. Dogs and cats with white fur are especially susceptible, Knox said.

Long-haired dogs who get “summer haircuts” are also at risk for sunburn, Knox said. “A lot of times, with the long hair, you shave them down really close. After 30 minutes in the sun or more, you’re going to have problems.”

One solution she recommends is to put sunscreen for infants (which does not include zinc) on your dog to protect them from those harmful rays. Just make sure they don’t lick it, she said.

Hot cars and overheating

One of the biggest mistakes people make in summer is to underestimate how dangerous a hot car can be, Knox said.

Dog in Hot Car

A dog’s normal temperature is much higher than that of a person, she said, usually 105 to 108 degrees. When people get in a hot car, they’re already cooler and can sweat to cool off more; dogs can’t do that. Dogs can pant, and they sweat only through their ears and the bottoms of their feet.

“So when you leave a dog in a car, it takes only several seconds for that car to heat up,” she said. “Even if you think, ‘Oh, it’s a little breezy outside; I’ll just crack the windows; the dog will be fine,’ that dog has no way to regulate his body temperature.” The result, she said, can be stroke.

Overheated dogs appear dizzy, Knox said. Their footing is unsure, and they are disoriented. The bigger and longer their tongues are as they pant, the more likely they are to have heat exhaustion, she said. As with a dog in a hot car, if your dog displays these symptoms, they could have a stroke, Knox said. When in doubt, use a rectal thermometer to take their temperature.

Make sure your dog has access to water in the summer, and don’t leave them outside for long periods of time, she said.

It’s not easy to tell whether your dog is dehydrated, and it can be a symptom of other kinds of illnesses. “The thing you have to do is start swiping your dog’s gums,” Knox said. “Just lift up their lip and take one good swoop on their gums. It should feel nice and wet, slick to you.” If the gums feel dry, tacky or sticky, your dog is already affected by dehydration, she said.

Another way to check is to pull up the skin between their shoulder blades. If the skin falls back slowly, that’s a sign of dehydration.

If you can see that your dog is dehydrated, it’s time to head to the vet. They might hook your dog up to an IV for quicker hydration, and check for other problems.

Fleas and ticks

Dogs are mostly stricken with allergic reactions to flea bites. They are allergic to flea saliva, Knox said. A dog’s histamine reaction to the bite can include itchy, inflamed skin and even hair loss. Or, as they chew an area of their body with fleas, they could ingest a live flea, resulting in tapeworms.

Ticks can carry harmful bacteria; deer ticks, which can carry Lyme disease, are especially hard to find on dogs because they are small and flat, not large and gorged with blood. The best thing to do, Knox said, is to focus on prevention.

Veterinarians can prescribe medications that combat fleas and ticks, as well as heartworms; Knox said they can be more effective than over-the-counter products such as flea and tick collars and topical treatments. Dogs owners in some parts of the country might need to use these year-round because consistently warm weather allows the flea population to survive, Knox said. You may wish to shampoo your dog with a good medicated shampoo to relieve the itchy symptoms of these bites as well as allergies to them, such as PurestPets, Allergy Relief Shampoo for Dogs

Stinging insects

Just as with humans, dogs can have dangerous reactions to stinging insects, Knox said. Their faces can swell, and they can get hives, throw up or have diarrhea. If their faces are swollen, their throats could be swollen as well, she said, which can lead to breathing problems. “Any time you see an animal having trouble after a sting, you need to have that looked at,” she said. Hot Spot Serum also has essential ingredients for soothing stings.

Black widow and brown recluse spider bites can do the same damage to dogs as they do to humans. “If your dog has been bitten by something that’s highly toxic, typically, they are inconsolable,” she said. “They’re snatching around; they’re crying out; they’re extremely pained by touch” and need to see a vet quickly.

Swimming

Not every dog is a natural swimmer. Although many dogs can paddle with grace, once it comes time to get out of the

dry shampoo

Beating the Heat

pool, they can get panicked. Their body momentum is not enough to pull them out of a pool, and of course, they don’t have fingers to grab the edge, Knox said. “Absolutely, they will wear themselves out, and they will drown,” she said.

Small dogs, in addition, are threatened by hypothermia in the pool. Remember that dogs need to cool off and warm up slowly, she said. It’s difficult for the smaller dogs to regulate their body temperatures in a pool.

Pool chemicals are harmful to their GI tracts, so don’t let them drink the water, Knox said. Just as dangerous is creek water, which can be full of single-cell organisms that can cause diarrhea.

Wet dogs can also harbor smelly bacteria to freshen their coat you may wish to try PurestPets Pure Waterless Shampoo.

Grilling

Don’t be fooled by that sweet face begging for a snack while you man the grill. Many human foods can be dangerous for dogs.

“Dogs should not ever have any type of pork,” which is linked to pancreatitis, she said, along with luncheon meats.

And while the burgers and BBQ are tasty for you, all that extra grease and sauce can wreak havoc on their digestion, Knox said. Not only can that piece of barbeque chicken cause diarrhea and possibly vomiting, she said, bones in the meat could splinter and pierce the dog’s gut.

Storms and fireworks

Throughout summer, dogs are likely to hear a lot of fireworks and, in some parts of the country, a lot of thunder.

If an animal is anxious or scared by those loud noises, it’s important to keep them in a safe place, like a crate. “We’ve had dogs try to go through windows and slice themselves up trying to get out because they’ve heard the fireworks. We’ve had dogs that have mangled the owner’s house when they freaked out,” Knox said.

Compression-type wraps like Thundershirts can help some animals with the anxiety that comes from loud noises, or vets can provide medication that might help.

~Article Courtisy of CNN

8 Home Remedies For Dogs You Should Avoid

Remedies

Please Be Careful

By Dr. Patty Khuly, vetstreet.com

I spent four hours one day last week trying to clean motor oil off a patient whose owner had tried to use the slick substance to kill mange. It was a fundamentally bad idea – and not just because motor oil is probably more dangerous to dogs than it is to mange mites. Turns out the poor dog wasn’t even infected with mange in the first place.

Every once in a while, I have to treat a patient whose owner’s best intentions, coupled with a disregard for modern veterinary medicine, have combined to produce a spectacularly bad medical crisis – like these eight unfortunate scenarios.

1. Poison Purges

I’ve seen owners try lots of interesting oral “drenches” for poisonings, like pouring a mixture of olive oil and milk down the ailing pet’s throat to force vomiting. In one notable instance, a patient who’d just bitten a bufo toad arrived thoroughly drenched in this concoction. Unfortunately, his lungs had been drenched, too, and he later died of aspiration pneumonia.

2. Parasite Dips

Where should I begin? The motor oil for mange was just a warm-up when it comes to homemade methods of treating parasites. Consider Pine-Sol, vinegar, Clorox, turpentine and linseed oil. One poor Maltese who I’ll never forget came in tinged purple after she’d been dunked in a linseed oil/gentian violet dip for fleas. She didn’t die, but I don’t think the magenta hue in her snowy white fur ever quite went away.

3. Torching Ticks

Yes, really. This was perhaps the most impressively stupid example of pet remedies gone wrong that I’ve ever witnessed: Imagine a dog with weepy red sores all over her body. When I asked what was up with the crazy sores, I was told that the ticks had been “particularly bad” that week. Apparently, this owner’s approach to removing ticks involved a bottle of rubbing alcohol and matches.

4. NSAID No-No’s

The human-only versions of NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium, constantly top pet poison lists – and not just because animals have a tendency to get into our stashes of candy-coated pills. Apparently, our willingness to medicate our pets with non-pet-specific drugs is killing them with “kindness.”

5. Feline Acetaminophen Toxicity

It’s long been known that this drug is a bad idea for cats. Yet people still think it’s “safer” than other drugs for their cats. Well, nothing says really sick (or really dead) cat like a dose of acetaminophen, because felines are not able to break down the drug properly, which leads to a deadly blood disorder called methemoglobinemia.

6. Guarding Against Fleas With Garlic

Garlic - especially the raw variety – has a reputation for toxicity in pets. Pets who ingest too much of it get a nasty form of anemia. But this doesn’t stop owners from believing that they can repel insects like fleas by giving animals excessive amounts of the stuff, which would presumably create an everlastinggarlic odor.

7. Parasite Cures

I recently had a client who explained to me that her pets did not need the harsh drugs that “all veterinarians” recommend for preventing parasites. A morning dose of salt, “a few days in a row every so often,” was all that was needed to keep the wormy things at bay. After chatting up a vet friend on the subject, he informed me that turpentine was once employed throughout Greyhoundracing kennels to deworm dogs. The product was billed as Jacksonville Jazz. Scary.

8. DIY Pesticide Applications

One of my colleagues, an oncologist, recently told me about a sad case of lymphoma in two young dogs, which was almost certainly the result of a chronic application of DDT in the owner’s small yard. He’d had some of the old stuff in his shed, and he figured that it could work for his pets’ tick infestation. For his sake, I hope he used gloves and a mask.

With all this in mind, let me say this one more time, please talk with your vet before treating your animal.

See More on vetstreet.com:

* Anti Itch Medication for Dogs

SteroidsAnti Itch Medication for Dogs There are several medication options for pets that itch. Like humans, pets can suffer from itches. The anti-itch medications given to your pet to relieve its suffering depends on a wide number of factors. A trip to the vet is always advisable when your pet has issues.

Type of Pet  Treatments for your pet’s itching could vary depending upon what kind of pet you have, although the same products are sometimes used. To be sure that the product you have is appropriate for your pet, do not assume it is safe for both cats and dogs and check with your veterinarian.

Pet Allergies  According to CBS News’ Chicago affiliate, pets can be allergic to many things, including grass, fungi, mushrooms, fleas and dust.

Treatments  According to AnimalHealthChannel.com, treatments for allergies in dogs and cats include special medicated baths, antihistamines, steroids, eye drops and shots. For many, special medicated shampoos are the way to go because antihistamines don’t work well for their pet (makes them drowsy) or steroids are expensive and can be dangerous if used for a prolonged period. However, steroids can be used with great short-term success in severe cases.

Parasites  Parasites such as ringworms, fleas and ticks can cause itching in cats and dogs. A veterinarian can take a scraping from the pet’s skin to diagnose skin parasites. For dogs, treatment usually includes Ivermectin, an anti-parasitic medication.

Article By Vicki Holmes

Best Anti Itch Shampoo for Dogs  PurestPets is a specially formulated allergy relief shampoo for dogs. It contains a blend of hypoallergenic compounds to provide gentle cleansing while simultaneously eliminating bothersome allergens, fungus, and bacteria from your dog’s coat.

Dog Shampoo Made from the Purest Ingredients  PurestPets antibiotic and antifungal dog shampoo is formulated to reduce the itching and scratching cause by allergies and dermatitis. Unlike many commercial-based dog shampoos, PurestPets does not contain any Triclosan, a questionable antibiotic that has been known to kill beneficial bacteria along with the harmful bacteria. Preserving beneficial bacteria is a great defense against yeast issues as well. If you would like to try PurestPets please visit PurestPets.com

* How to Remove Mats from Your Dogs Coat

Dog mats

How to Remove Mats

As the owner of a dog with a thick double coat, you have probably spent my fair share of money at the dog groomers. Perhaps trying to remove the mats yourself has been painful for your pet.  Trying to remove the mats from my dog’s fur used to be an exercise in futility that can leave both you and your dog frustrated and exhausted. Mats also harbor moisture, bacteria, yeast & fungus. But there is a very simple method to removing the mats without cutting them out, that is. Here’s how you can easily remove the mats from your dog’s fur without paying for a trip to the dog groomers.

 

What You’ll Need

Slicker brushes and undercoat rakes are important tools for removing mats from dog’s fur. Both types of brushes can be found at pet stores such as PetSmart or PetCo. You can get help from their groomers to ensure you are purchasing the right size of brush for the length of your dog’s hair.

Instructions:
This might sound crazy but the most important thing you can do is to remove the mats before bathing. In fact, do not bathe your dog before attempting to remove mats from your dog’s fur. Getting the mats wet will only serve to make them worse by tightening them up and you will not be able to remove them until they have dried completely though which takes a long time due to the clumping. Also, give consideration as to where you will be grooming your dog, because of the grooming powder and the amount of hair you are going to wind up with. The small confines of a bathroom is recommended. Gather your tools and your dog and let’s get busy removing those mats.

To start with, lay a towel on the floor. Then have your dog stand on the towel, or sit or lay depending on what part of the body you are removing mats from.

Locate a mat in your dog’s fur. They are often found behind the hears and armpits. Use your fingers to seperate it from the non-tangled hair. Next, sprinkle PurestPets Mat Release Formula vigorously onto the mat and begin rubbing it gently into the mat. Work it in all the way down to the skin. Your dog will probably like this part which helps put them at ease. Don’t worry that your dog’s hair turns a shade lighter, that is just the powdery effect of the grooming powder and once bathed is not permanent.

As you work the product into the undercoat of the dog’s hair you should find that it will begin to relax the tangled fur. Set any released hair aside and gently use your fingers to separate the rest of the mat. You only need to pull it apart a little bit so don’t worry that you can’t release the entire mat just yet.

Working with Matted Hair

Pinch Mat Close to the Skin

Grasp the matted fur as close to the skin as possible and hold it between your fingers. This will help you not to pull to hard on the skin when you are combing. With your other hand, begin using the undercoat rake to gently pick at the mat – piece by piece. Don’t pull hard. Just pick at each layer of the matted hair. Try to be patient because many gently picks is better than digging in and pulling. Pick at the mat from the edge of the mat and move inwards towards the skin. When you feel the mat pull, pinch it tighter between your fingers. This helps the mat from pulling the skin and hurting your dog.

Bad Matting

Severe Matting

In cases of severe neglect it really is best to take the dog to a professional groomer. Most of the time the groomer will want to shave the entire dog down. This can change the texture of the coat as it grows out, however. Sometimes, even the groomer will have to suggest taking the dog to the veterinarian for dematting.  This is why it is so important to demat your dog before each bath.

So now, once you have picked most of your way through the mat switch to using the slicker brush. Use the same method as before, pinching the mat between your fingers, begin to brush through the mat from the edges up toward the skin.

When you have removed all the mats, give your dog a bath to remove any excess hair.
You can safely use Mat Release Formula to remove mats from your cat’s fur as well. By removing the mats before each bath you will save money at the  groomers.

Other Conditions as a Result of Mats

If after removing the mats you find that the dogs skin is red or has scabs you may wish to bath your dog with Allergy Relief Shampoo for Dogs. It contains an antibacterial that does not include triclosen. Triclosen removes good bacteria along with the bad – making it harder to combat yeast problems.  This product not only relieves itchiness – it is also deodorizing, which is important in cases where bacteria has developed in damp mats.

By following these simple instructions you dog will be feeling much more comfortable in his or her skin again.

~Thank you Ms. Spies for your generous contribution to this article.

* 6 Steps to Bathing Your Dog

“Really?”

6 STEPS TO BATHING YOUR DOG

A GREAT SHOW AND TELL DAY PROJECT FOR THE KIDS

Here’s one for the kiddies! Before you begin bathing your dog, there are a few things you must do to prepare. Proper preparation can make the process easier for you and your dog. First, you’ll need to get your rocket science degree from college. Just kidding, first you will choose a great location!

Choose a Location

A tub is usually the easiest place to bathe your dog, though very small dogs may be bathed in a sink. If you will be using your tub at home, it might take a toll on your back and knees. Many pet supply stores carry hose attachments for your shower head. There are a lot of self-service dog washing businesses these days. It’s less expensive than paying for a groomer, and you can avoid a mess in your house. If you choose to bathe your dog outside, remember that cold water is no fun for most dogs. You may want to hook up the hot water so your dog can get a nice luke-warm bath.

Gather Supplies

If you pay for the use of a self-service dog wash, these supplies will be ready and available for your use. If you bathe your dog at home, be sure to gather the following supplies in advance so you don’t have to scramble for things later.

  • Soft, absorbent towels. Beach towels work well for larger dogs.
  • Shampoo – specifically dog shampoo. Products containing natural ingredients are best to use on a regular basis. However, specialty shampoos need to be used for targeting specific issues your dog may have with her skin and coat. Avoid human shampoo – the pH is not right for dogs.
  • Brushes and combs – choose the appropriate tool for your dog’s hair type. (Details about options will be covered in another post).
  • Bath mat for your dog to prevent slipping, if necessary.
  • Apron and/or old clothes – you are going to get wet! I like to wear a bathing suit.

Tip: It is important to brush out your dog before the bath begins. Be sure to remove any tangles or mats, as these are harder, if not impossible, to deal with once your dog is wet. Brush mats out gently so you don’t hurt your dogs sensitive skin. A groomers tip is to pinch the mat close to the skin so your not pulling the dogs skin as you brush the mat out. Try not to cut out mat’s yourself. Take heavily matted dogs to a professional groomer.

Apply Shampoo

Apply a non-detergent/soap based shampoo to your dog’s coat. Do not apply to the head. Avoid eyes, ears, face and genital area. There are other products designed to be used on these delicate areas. Also, never use specialty shampoos on puppies under the age of 12 weeks, they are too strong for them, especially the flea & tick, de0skunkers, and allergy shampoos. There are shampoos on the marked specifically for puppies.

If your dog is chewing his paws or rubbing his face, persistently licking or showing signs of skin redness or rashes then you may want to try an allergy shampoo, such as PurestPets, to relieve these symptoms of allergies. PurestPets is recommended because it does not contain triclosan, which kills good bacteria along with the bad. Good bacteria is important for a healthy skin and coat and helps fight against yeast. PurestPets.com

Massage Coat

Rub, scrub and massage your dog for several minutes. You can use your fingers, just like shampooing your own hair. Your dog will probably actually enjoy this part. Remember to clean the feet, too. Ideally, you should allow medicated shampoos to remain on your dog’s coat for 3-15 minutes before rinsing.

Tip: You can use a rubber tool with small nubs or washing mitts that are especially designed for bathing a dog. These also provide an extra massage for your dog.

Rinse

Apply a stream of warm water to your dog’s coat, avoiding the eyes and ears. Thoroughly rinse all shampoo out of your dog’s coat. It is very important to remove all shampoo residue from your dogs skin. Once you feel you have rinsed your dog completely then begin to rinse again!

Tip: Do not forget to rinse the feet and any skin folds or crevices on your dog. You want no residue left anywhere on your dog.

Towel Dry

First, stand back and let your dog have a few good shakes. Then, towel-dry any access water from your dog’s coat. Lay a towel on the ground and let your dog go for it. Many dogs will instinctively rub on the towel and continue to shake off the water.

Blow-drying is best kept to a bare minimum because hot air injures the skin. If your dog tolerates it, you may want to try blow-drying. Be sure to use a dryer with very low or even no heat. You can compensate by setting the fan on high. Try holding the blower at a greater distance from the coat and working fast. If you bathe your dog at a self-service tub, a forced-air dryer might be available. Careful – these dryers are powerful. Only turn it up as high as your dog tolerates, and stay away from the face, eyes, ears, and fanny. Once completely dry, thoroughly brush out your dog again.

Clipping nails will be covered in another post.

Congratulations – you’re done! Give your dog a treat, and you’ll probably get a nice wet kiss in return. Your dog might have to go to the bathroom, drink water or she may just feel a bit tuckered out. Put your feet up and relax, too.

Re: eHow thank you Jena Stregowski

 

* Grooming and Your Dog’s Health

Grooming Your Dog and Keeping Him Healthy Go Hand in Hand

dog allergies

How can we predict skin issues?

Coat Care Brushing your dog not only helps to distribute natural oils through the coat and prevents mats, it also alerts you to any possible problems. Here are some things to look for:

  • Red, blotchy skin is an indication of contact dermatitis. Sores can develop if you do not remove the irritant.
  • Fleas will look like tiny black specks. If you brush your dog over white paper they fall off and are easy to see.
  • Dull coat or inflamed ears may be indicative of hyperthyroidism.
  • Scratched skin or chewing on skin may be caused by bacterial conditions, such as staphylococcus.

There are many more serious internal conditions that can be revealed through frequent inspection of the coat and skin. Visit your vet for a thorough diagnosis if you suspect a problem.

Shampoo Selection  The variety of shampoos available can be confusing. There are moisturizing, odor-control, color-enhancement, and medicated shampoos, among other types. Please do not try to solve your dog’s skin issues with people shampoos. Aalways use shampoo prepared especially for dogs because they have a skin Ph balance that is different than that of people.

  • If your dog’s skin is normal, use a general grooming shampoo.
  • If the skin seems dry and flakey (as compared to oily and flakey) opt for a moisturizing shampoo.
  • Unless you plan to show your dog in competition, avoid color-enhancement shampoos. Products with color additives may cause allergic reactions. Although it is extremely rare, there is no reason to take the chance.
  • If your dog has a history of allergies, try hypoallergenic (soap-free, detergent-free) shampoo.

Special shampoos are made for certain skin conditions. Some common types are:

  • Sulfur/salicyclic acid – an excellent first choice for a mildly scaly dog. It is not overly drying and has great anti-bacterial action.
  • Benzoyl peroxid - does a good job of removing scales, killing microbes, thoroughly cleaning around the hair follicles, and treating recurrent bacterial infections.
  • Ethyl lactate – a second choice behind benzoyl peroxide shampoos; less effective for hair follicle cleansing and anti-bacterial effectiveness, but less drying.
  • Coal Tar based – these shampoos do a great job of reducing allergies and greasiness, while helping to calm itching.
  • Miconazole – used for fungal infections; primarily ringworm.
  • Chlorhexidine – an anti-fungal and anti bacterial. May be used to treat ringworm, skin staph infections and as a wound cleanser.
  • Avoid Triclosan – an antibactierial solution that kills off both good and bad bacteria. Good bacteria is helpful in fighting yeast infections.

Dog grooming is the simplest way to care for your dog and stay aware of potential health problems.

Ref: hartz.com